Deb package for Ubuntu¶
The way Ralph is made makes changing versions of its dependencies challenging;
consequently, in order to provide a deb package for Ubuntu it is necessary to
dh_virtualenv which installs all dependencies into a virtualenv and packs
the latter into a package. Although this approach is not blessed by either
Debian or Ubuntu maintainers, it provides a healthy compromise between the
availability of the Ralph package and the effort required to make one.
The package is built and published to Bintray by the Ralph core maintainers. This document describes what is necessary to know and to have for a maintainer to be able to build, test and publish the package.
Releasing and publishing new versions¶
Properly releasing versions is one of the key duties of every Ralph maintainer. Therefore, it is necessary for a Ralph maintainers to have their development tools properly configured. For the details, see the Maintainer's development tools section.
Like the rest of the package management operations, releasing and publishing a new version is automated and does not require specific environment to be performed.
The process of releasing and publishing a new version is the following:
- Switch to
ngbranch and ensure it is clean:
git checkout ng git status
- Pull the latest changes from the ng branch of the upstream repository:
git pull upstream ng
- Generate a Debian changelog and edit it as required:
- Enter your
gpgkey password, if asked, to sign the commit and the tag.
- Verify the changelog in
debian/changelogcontains the latest changes committed:
- Verify the version in the latest commit message is correct and the commit
- Verify signatures for both the latest commit and for its tag:
git verify-commit HEAD git verify-tag <LATEST_TAG>
- Push the latest commit along with the tag to the
ngbranch of the upstream repository:
git push upstream ng --follow-tags
- Log in to the CI used for publishing Ralph packages and run
- Verify the job succeeded and the Bintray repository contains the built version.
The general idea behind the package maintainers' tools is that every operation should not require specific environment to perform it in. Therefore a developer is able to build and test a package or to release a new version using just the tools a regular Ralph developer already has. This required introducing a few compromises:
- Everything is done in docker containers to avoid forcing developers to install Ubuntu
- Since IO performance for docker mounted volumes experiences severe problems on certain platforms, containers are built every time a package maintenance operation is performed.
- Official Ralph repository is owned by Allegro, so publishing a package requires sharing Allegro's credentials for Bintray which according to their policy cannot be done. Therefore the script for that is going to only be present in the CI system that is available to maintainers inside Allegro.
Building Ralph package can be done in two modes: snapshot and release. Those modes produce packages for testing and for production uses respectively. The Makefile available in Ralph provides a target for each of the modes.
Building snapshot packages¶
Snapshot packages can be built for any commit and are meant to be used for either developers or a CI to test some code or configuration changes. In order to build a snapshot package run:
The built package will be put into the
build catalog and will have the name
that will look like
Building release packages¶
Release packages are meant to be used on production therefore they should be
built from the tagged HEAD of the
ng branch. This, however, is not strictly
controlled by the tool chain to handle different edge cases.
In order to build a release package run:
If a release package is meant to be published, a maintainer should release a new version prior to building one. The way to do that is described bellow.